The word Batik comes from the Javanese "ambatik", derived from tik which means to mark with points and, in a broader sense, to draw, write or paint.This word was found for the first time in seventeenth-century Dutch texts referring to the cargo of fabrics of colorful designs from Indonesia.
The earliest evidence has been found in: Eastern regions, Central Asia, India and Peru. However, with the exception of Peru, which developed independently, most likely, this art has expanded from China to these other regions through commercial routes.
Batik is a reservation dyeing technique and probably the oldest method of fabric decoration.
It consists of selecting the areas of the design that you want to remain of the color that the fabric has by applying a waterproofing substance that in this case is the wax. The dyeing can be done directly, such as painting, or by immersion.
The batik is constructed by applying wax and dyeing until the desired colors are obtained. Each layer of new color will be mixed with the existing color. At the end of the entire process the wax is completely removed.